Irritant Contact Dermatitis
Irritant dermatitis are caused by the direct contact of a caustic or irritating chemical the skin, which leads to immediate redness and burning on the skin, and a breakdown of the skin barrier. Irritant contact dermatitis happens to alot of people. Water is one of the most common irritants and is seen in a common condition called dishpan hands. Irritant reactions are the most common type of eczema.
A genetic predisposition is not necessary to develop this type of reaction and it is the most common cause of work related rashes. The most common irritant is water. Frequent hand washing and wetting and drying of the skin will dry out the skin and disrupt the normal skin barrier. In addition, corrosive agents found in soaps, cleansers and solvents can destroy skin cells leading to inflammation, redness and scaling. There is no specific test available to diagnosis irritant dermatitis.